If you are suffering from varicose veins, getting treatment should be on the top of your list. Vein diseases not only create hideous abnormalities in the physical appearance of the skin but also become quite a burden to the individual suffering from it. Sure, having knotty and swollen veins protruding out from the skin in your legs is not exactly an eye-pleasing sight. But the issue is more than just skin deep. It is indicative of degenerating veins and heart trouble and can cause some serious pain to the patient. And as the condition will advance, this pain will move on to cause skin troubles, pigmentation and even ulcers in extreme cases.
When we talk about varicose vein treatments, you will be happy to know that the condition is very much manageable and a variety of varicose vein treatment options are available for a patient to choose depending upon the severity of the case.
Wearing compression stockings all day is often the first approach to try before moving on to other treatments. They steadily squeeze your legs, helping veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. The amount of compression varies by type and brand.
You can buy compression stockings at most pharmacies and medical supply stores. Prescription-strength stockings also are available and are likely covered by insurance if your varicose veins are causing symptoms.
Some additional treatments are:
Sclerotherapy: This is a painless solution injection treatment that collapses the vein so that it can then be reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. Physicians generally recommend sclerotherapy for small to medium varicose veins. Types of sclerotherapy for varicose vein treatment include:
Laser-assisted — the least invasive and most advanced
Foam sclerotherapy — for larger, more difficult-to-treat veins
Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy — for large, deep veins that once required surgical treatment
The advantage of sclerotherapy is that it can eliminate varicose veins with no pain or downtime. The disadvantage is that the technique may not work for larger, more extensive varicose veins. You may also have to go back for follow-up treatments in order for your veins to completely disappear.
Vein Stripping: This is a surgical procedure during which the surgeon makes small cuts near the damaged vein and removes the entire vein. Doctors sometimes do vein stripping together with other procedures, such as ablation.
Most physicians say that the main advantage of vein stripping is that it’s a permanent treatment because the affected vein is totally removed. But like any surgical procedure, it comes with some risks and requires more recovery time than less invasive methods of varicose vein treatment.
Vein Ligation– A piece of thread known as a suture is tied around the leaking blood vessel preventing the blood from leaking backward and swelling the vein.
Thermal ablation (also called radiofrequency ablation): “Thermal ablation, which has been around for about a decade, involves using a laser or radiofrequency energy to heat the inside of the veins. “This destroys the vein wall, the vein shrinks, and the body absorbs it over time.” Thermal ablation tends to work well as a varicose vein treatment, but it can cause a little bruising and discomfort for the first week or so on.
Veins usually become less visible within one to two weeks. The procedure requires some local anesthesia, but most people have little pain after the procedure and can return to their normal activities the next day.
Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy generally improve without medical treatment within three to 12 months after delivery.